First Meaningful Paint
First Meaningful Paint measures when the primary content of a page is visible to the user. The raw score for FMP is the time in seconds between the initiation of the page load and the page rendering the primary content above the fold. First Meaningful Paint shows the timing of the paint after which the biggest above-the-fold layout change happens. Learn more about the technical details of FMP in Google's article Time to First Meaningful Paint: a layout-based approach.
First Contentful Paint (FCP) and First Meaningful Paint (FMP) are often the same when the first bit of content rendered on the page includes the content above the fold. These metrics can differ when there's content above the fold within an iframe. FMP is triggered when content within the iframe is visible to the user, while FCP doesn't include iframe content.
How is the First Meaningful Paint calculated?
When FMP and FCP are the same, their scores are identical. If FMP occurs after FCP, the FMP score will be lower than the FCP score. For example, let's say your FCP is 1.5 seconds, and your FMP is 3 seconds. The FCP score would be 99, but the FMP score would be 75.
How can I improve my First Meaningful Paint score?
See how to improve the Largest Contentful Paint on your site. The strategies for improving FMP are largely the same as the strategies for improving Largest Contentful Paint.
How do I improve my overall Performance score?
Unless you have a specific reason for focusing on a particular metric, it's usually better to focus on improving your overall Performance score.
Use the Opportunities section of your report to determine which improvements will have the most impact on your page. The more significant the opportunity, the greater the effect it will have on your Performance score.